I have sought to explain the gap theory in the simplest terms possible; it is not necessary for us to go into the intricate details. I have gathered the the following information and it should suffice for our purposes:
THE GAP THEORY
By Marie Casale
The Gap Theory also known as the Ruin-Reconstruction Theory says that there is an indeterminate period of time between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2 that can account for science’s assertions that the universe must be billions of years old.
If you insert the Gap Theory between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, this is how Genesis is interpreted: Gen. 1:1 In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. This beginning was sometime in the far distant past. It can be pushed back to accommodate whatever amount of time science deems necessary to account for what they say is the age of the heavens and earth. Science provides the fossil records that indicate animals as well as people they believe lived during this time before Adam. Gap theorists believe Satan ruled the earth during this time. Then he rebelled against God, and was cast out of Heaven. As a result, the earth suffered a great cataclysm that left it without form and void and covered with water. Gen 1:2 And the earth BECAME without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. After this cataclysm there was a global ice age when the light and heat from the sun were somehow removed. God restored this light and heat on the fourth day of re-creation week. Thus, the six days of Genesis 1 do not record the original creation, but a reconstruction after Lucifer’s flood, and a preparing of the earth for the race of Adam.
WAS VERSUS BECAME Gen 1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. Gen 1:2 And the earth WAS vs BECAME without form, and void; and darkness [was] upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
When you say something WAS – like, ‘Martin Luther King WAS a black man’, it just describes a state of being, not implying that Mr. King was some other color before. But when you say something BECAME, like the earth BECAME without form and void, it implies that before it BECAME that way, it was a different way. If the Hebrew word in Gen 1:2 is translated BECAME, this would allow for the insertion of the Gap Theory because it implies that the earth was in a different state before it BECAME without form and void. The word WAS would give no such implication.
If you would like to read further on this subject, there is a great tract available that goes into much more detail. You can find it here: http://creation.com/images/pdfs/flyers/gap-theory.pdf
Believing or not believing in the gap theory does not affect one’s salvation.Having said that it is most important to note that it is only a theory. It is my own personal belief that the gap theory is false.